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Elections to the State Duma, 2003



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Elections to the State Duma, 2003


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Russia: Before and After the Elections
Grigory Yavlinsky's lecture for the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, February 26, 2004

I am really extremely grateful for this opportunity to speak to such a special audience on issues relating to the further development of my country.


The Russian Democratic Party YABLOKO, The 12th Congress: Resolution on participation in presidential elections, December 21, 2003


"On unlawful withdrawal of the documents in property of the YABLOKO party"
The Russian Democratic Party YABLOKO, Statement, October 23, 2003

Shell could lose its licences to drill for oil in Russia, after an investigation by the country's ministry of natural resources - responsible for the ecology and exploitation of vast oil and gas fields - said it had reason to file a number of complaints.


Address of the 11th Congress of the Russian Democratic Party YABLOKO to the Congress of the Union of Right-Wing Forces Party
Russian Democratic Party YABLOKO, 11th Congress, Moscow, September 7, 2003

The Russian Democratic Party YABLOKO greets the participants of the congress of the Union of Right-Wing Forces Party and wishes you successful work.


To: Boris Nemtsov, Irina Khakamada
Letter from Grigory Yavlinsky and Sergei Ivanenko on SPS' proposals, January 28, 2003

As numerous media, including web-based publications, have already described your proposals in detail, thereby enabling us to learn about them, we no longer see any point in the meeting scheduled at your initiative for January 29, 2003.


On cooperation between the democratic forces
All-Russia Democratic Assembly
Fourth Meeting
October 21, 2002, Moscow
The YABLOKO faction in the State Duma will not support the package of draft laws on reform of the electricity sector submitted by the Government to the State Duma.
Press releases

The European Court of Human Rights admitted the claim on annulment of the results of Russian parliamentary elections of 2003

Press Release, October 20, 2010

Today the European Court of Human Rights admitted the complaint on the results of parliamentary elections of 2003 submitted by YABLOKO, CPRF and several individuals including Sergei Ivanenko, Vladimir Ryzhkov, Irina Khakamada, Garry Kasparov, Vladimir Solovyov and journalists Eugeni Kiselyov and Dmitry Muratov. The claim will be examined at the Court’s meeting shortly.

Now the plaintiffs and the Government of Russia should give answers on the follow-up questions set by the court. Before the claim was submitted to Strasburg, the claim was examined by Russian courts. In 2004 the Supreme Court of Russia rejected the claim...

YABLOKO disputes the results of the parliamentary election in courts
Press release, March 10, 2004

The Russian Democratic Party YABLOKO has finished its analysis of the bulk of its copies of voting protocols from electoral districts at the parliamentary elections of December 7, 2003 and is filing lawsuits asking the courts to invalidate the election results at 170 out of the total 225 district electoral commissions.


Deputy Head of YABLOKO Sergei Mitrokhin demands the annulment of the results of parliamentary elections in some districts of Moscow
Press release, February 5, 2004

In his suits Mitrokhin cites multiple violations made on the day of voting by the electoral commission of Rostokino, Babushkinsky, Yaroslavsky and Losinoostrovsky districts in vote-counting, drawing of protocols on the results of the lection and their transfer to the territorial electoral commissions.


State Duma elections well organized but failed to meet many international standards
Press release, December 8, 2003

The Central Election Commission deserves credit for its professional organization of these elections. However, the pre-election process was characterized by extensive use of the state apparatus and media favoritism to benefit the largest pro-presidential party, reflected in voter apathy.


Russia needs citizens and not those who would spy on their parents
Press release, December 3, 2003

The Russian parliament is an independent legislative power body and its main task is development of laws, rather than assistance to the President. These laws are obligatory for everyone...


YABLOKO applies to the Public Prosecutor and the Central Electoral Commission on libel in the mass media
Press release, December 1, 2003

...against Leonid Mayevsky who in his comments on the Ekho Moskvi radio station deliberately disseminated false information defaming the leaders and members of YABLOKO.


YABLOKO'S 10th anniversary
Press release, October 21, 2003

An electoral bloc "Yavlinsky-Boldyrev-Lukin", created by a team of like-minded people with their own ideas about the reforms needed in Russia, was registered 10 years ago.


The State Duma will consider the address to the heads of the First [Television] Channel and VGTRK [television company] on broadcasting live forthcoming parliamentary election debates.
Press release, October 16, 2003

On Thursday the State Duma Council passed a decision to include this item on the Duma agenda. The address was initiated by Sergei Ivanenko and Sergei Mitrokhin.


YABLOKO was the first party to be registered by the Central Electoral Commission for State Duma elections
Press release, October 9, 2003

"YABLOKO is an open party. We have been in politics for ten years, and every one can learn what we are doing, for example, from our web-site. Everything is known about YABLOKO."


The YABLOKO party was the first to submit to the Central Electoral Commission electoral signatures to support its candidates for the State Duma elections
Press release, October 3, 2003

Sergei Ivanenko: "The collection of signatures was not easy, as at present people's attitudes to politics are ambiguous".


In response to violation of the agreements by the SPS, YABLOKO decided to nominate its candidates to compete in single-mandate electoral districts with SPS candidates at the parliamentary elections
Press release, September 7, 2003

"Consequently YABLOKO had to respond and nominate its own candidates in all the previously agreed electoral districts."


YABLOKO's representatives will not participate in the SPS Congress
Press release, September 7, 2003

YABLOKO is not cancelling its agreements with the SPS, as was confirmed by YABLOKO's congress today.


YABLOKO's Congress discusses the electoral programme of the party
Press release, September 7, 2003

On Saturday YABLOKO members voted for the list of candidates for the federal and regional lists, as well as a list for single-mandate electoral districts proposed by the party for the parliamentary elections.


Yavlinsky thinks that YABLOKO will manage to make it into the State Duma
Press release, September 7, 2003

At the briefing where the leaders of the party summed up the results of the 11th congress of the party held Saturday-Sunday in Moscow, Yavlinsky explained that the final results would depend on how open and honest the election campaign would be, as well as on the political situation in the country.


YABLOKO calls on the Union of Right-Wing Forces to observe election campaign agreements
Press release, September 7, 2003

YABLOKO also called on the SPS "to adhere to the principles of honest elections during the election campaign and to refrain from using unethical methods in the election campaign."


The YABLOKO party will conduct the election campaign honestly and within the framework of the law, but is not going to sign the "Elections 2003" agreement
Press release, August 21, 2003

"The Russian Democratic Party YABLOKO has always observed and will always comply with Russian legislation in all its actions."


YABLOKO nominates Mikhail Amosov as candidate for the post of governor of St. Petersburg
Press release, July 14, 2003

In addition, St. Petersburg YABLOKO proposed three candidates to the central part of the federal list of the YABLOKO party for the State Duma elections.


YABLOKO proposes that all political forces unite against 'black PR'
Press release, May 29, 2003

The YABLOKO party calls on all politicians and journalists to unite in the fight against 'dirty' information technologies. This statement was made by Deputy Chairman of the YABLOKO party, deputy of the State Duma Sergei Mitrokhin at a press conference at the Interfax agency on May 29, 2003.


YABLOKO to try and dismiss the present Cabinet
Press release, April 27, 2003

The Russian Democratic Party YABLOKO plans so submit a no-confidence motion in the RF goverment and will try to achieve its dismissal.


Deputy of the State Duma Sergei Mitrokhin send inquiry to the Federal Security Service requesting help in identify the source of unauthorized spam mail
Press release, March 31, 2003

In connection with the ongoing unauthorized spam e-mails, deputy of the State Duma Sergei Mitrokhin (the YABLOKO faction) has sent an official inquiry to the Head of the Federal Security Service Nikolai Patrushev. The letter contains a demand "that corresponding departments be instructed to conduct an investigation to identify the source of the unauthorized spam mail and prevent such actions in future."


More provocations against YABLOKO in the Internet
Press release, March 28, 2003

On March 26, 2003, unknown malefactors sent out spam e-mails allegedly from deputy of the State Duma Sergei Mitrokhin (the YABLOKO faction). A letter with a return address Mitrokhin@yabloko.ru was sent to a list of addressees. We don’t know the addresses on this list The letter contained "cooperation proposals" and a reference to the personal web-site of Sergei Mitrokhin.


YABLOKO has over 36,000 party members
Press Release, February 22, 2003

On February 21, 2003 the Russian Democratic party YABLOKO had attracted over 36,000 members.This information was released at a meeting of the Bureau of the Federal Council of the Russian Democratic party YABLOKO, held in Moscow region on February 21-22, 2003.


Statement by The Joint Political Council of the political parties the Union of Right-Wing Forces and YABLOKO
Moscow July 5, 2002


Supreme Court Begins Reviewing Election Annulment Case
MosNews, November 15, 2004

Sergei Ivanenko, who is the assistant head of Yabloko and a member of the 2008 Free Choice Committee, thinks that this trial is crucial for the future of Russia’s democracy. “The most important thing is for this trial to be a normal and lawful legal trial,” he said.


Russia's dominant party dismisses opposition protest
AFP, September 28, 2004

Russia's muscular pro-Kremlin party struck back Tuesday at the enfeebled opposition's bid to annul last year's parliamentary election results, saying the move could only land it in more trouble.


Committee-2008 Challenges Election Results in the Supreme Court
RIA "Novosti", September 27, 2004

"We regard our lawsuit, not as a political statement, but as a legal document," first deputy chairman of the Yabloko party Sergei Ivanenko said.


Re-elections ahead
Kommersant, September 27, 2004

Opposition filed a lawsuit to the Supreme Court, challenging the results of the last year's parliamentary elections


Liberals, Communists dispute parliamentary election at Supreme Court
Gazeta.ru, September 27, 2004

The liberal party Yabloko and the Communist Party of the Russian Federation (KPRF) have brought a suit to the Supreme Court against the Russian Central Election Commission. They are contesting the results of the parliamentary elections in December 2003. The members of the liberal Committee 2008: Free Choice have also brought joined the lawsuit.


Communists, Yabloko File Suit Over Elections
By Anatoly Medetsky, St Peterburg Times, September 28, 2004

"If we win, it will no doubt be a colossal breakthrough in terms of legality and fairness in conducting elections," Communist Party lawyer Vadim Solovyov said by telephone Monday.
But Solovyov doubted the lawsuit would be successful. "I think that our chances for success are less than 1 percent."


Yabloko and the Communist party, challenge election results in court
ITAR TASS, September 27, 2004

The two parties said the Central Election Commission must be held responsible for approving vote protocols ignoring violations in the elections.


Highest Court to Evaluate 2003 Duma Elections
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, September 27, 2004

Yabloko Deputy Chairman Sergei Mitrokhin admitted that it is highly unlikely that the elections will be invalidated, but said a judicial examination of the campaign "will be very useful for making our election system more honest, transparent, objective, and fair."


State Duma election results to be questioned at Supreme Court
Interfax, September 13, 2004

"Lawyers of the Independent Election Institute, the Communist Party and Yabloko drafted a lawsuit to be filed at the Russian Supreme Court, and Committee 2008 sponsored the drafting. I think we will file the lawsuit at the end of this week," Yabloko Deputy Chairman Sergei Mitrokhin told Interfax on Monday.


The Duma Under Control
By Yana Serova, Novaya Gazeta, September 2, 2004

Amendments to electoral laws essentially mean a one-party system in Russia


Suit to Challenge Duma Elections
The Moscow Times, September 2, 2004

The liberal group Committee 2008: Free Choice is planning to file a lawsuit next week with the Supreme Court over the results of last year's parliamentary elections, which the group claims are invalid.


We will have transparent elections some day
By Alexandra Samarina, Nezavisimaya Gazeta, September 1, 2004

The Committee-2008 appeals to the Supreme Court to cancel the results of the 2003 Duma campaign. Liberals say they have got several thousands of proofs that 2003 vote was not free.


Communists And Liberals Challenge Duma Poll
RIA Novosti, August 31, 2004

"Our suit ushers in a legal dispute of political purport," says Sergei Ivanenko, YABLOKO first deputy president.


Liberals Want Duma Elections Annulled
MosNews, August 31, 2004

The liberal 2008 Free Choice Committee is set to sue the authorities over the 2003 parliamentary elections that the group says were invalid.


Grigory Yavlinsky: the goal of boosting votes for United Russia to 40% and probably of raising turnout, affected the results of the parliamentary elections
Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky conducted by Denis Babichenko, Itogi, March 30, 2004

In my opinion, despite all our documented arguments, the courts will reject everything and the people will only start to believe that it was pointless seeking honesty at the elections.


Grigory Yavlinsky: courts backed some of YABLOKO’s lawsuits on the State Duma elections
Gazeta.ru, May 20, 2004

"...In a number of cases it was proved that we were right and the courts admitted that serious and considerable violations had been committed during the vote-counting,” said Yavlinsky. He also noted that some of the lawsuits are still at trial stage and that appeals are also being considered by courts in a number of cases.


The Putin Model Is Doomed to Fail
By Andrei Piontkovsky
Wall Street Journall, March 15, 2004

Yesterday's Russian presidential election was another triumph for Vladimir Putin's brand of "managed democracy." The campaign and election followed the pattern of the parliamentary vote three months ago, which the OSCE characterized as "free, but unfair."


The Results of the Parliamentary Elections - 2003 Are Again Contested
YABLOKO piles the courts with void protocols
YABLOKO contests the results of the parliamentary elections in court

Nezavisimaya Gazeta, March 11, 2004

YABLOKO's applications for lawsuits with a demand for the annulment of the results of the Duma elections were received by 78 district and republican courts yesterday. Press Secretary of the YABLOKO party Sergei Loktionov explained to Nezavisimaya Gazeta that YABLOKO had claims against 170 out of the total 225 district electoral commissions.


YABLOKO Goes to Court seeking the annulment of the results of the State Duma elections
By Anastasya Matveyeva
Gazeta, March 11, 2004
The YABLOKO party challenged the official results of the December 7, 2003 parliamentary elections as soon as they were announced. YABLOKO also said that it would file lawsuits. Suits were filed with regional courts and the Supreme Court yesterday. YABLOKO cited a comparison of the data in 14,065 protocols from observers against the figures provided by the Central Electoral Commission.


YABLOKO rolls to courts
The party seeks to invalidate parliamentary elections in 170 constituencies
By Viktor Khamrayev
Kommersant, March 11, 2004
The liberal YABLOKO party filed a series of lawsuits demanding the invalidation of the results in December's State Duma elections in 170 out of Russia's 225 constituencies. YABLOKO failed to gain the five percent of the vote required for parties to get party list representation in the Duma and had only three deputies elected from their constituencies.


YABLOKO challenges Duma election results in court
By Ilya Zhegulyov
Gazeta.ru, March 11, 2004
The liberal YABLOKO party has filed 78 lawsuits contesting the results of last December's State Duma elections. The party wants the results in 170 of Russia's 225 constituencies annulled after independent observers detected over 430,000 violations in the work of the regional election commissions.


Liberal leaders positive on Yabloko's court move
Gazeta.ru, March 10, 2004

Commenting on Yabloko's legal attempt to annul the results of last December's parliamentary elections, the party's leader Grigory Yavlinsky said he could not say anything about its prospects. "According to the data we have obtained, there were very serious and significant violations in the vote-counting and we think that this case will be taken seriously," he said.


Election Fraud
The Central Electoral Commission responds to Duma election complaints
By Orkhan Dzhemal, Novaya Gazeta, March 11, 2004

Three days from now, the presidential election will be over - and the Central Electoral Commission (CEC) is bound to receive numerous complaints of unfairness. Meanwhile, the CEC has only just completed investigating complaints received after the parliamentary elections.


The YABLOKO party seeking annulment of the Duma election in 170 constituencies.
By Natalya Panshina, ITAR-TASS, March 10, 2004

Russian liberal party Yabloko has filed lawsuits to revoke the results of the voting in last December's parliamentary election in 170 constituencies out of the country's total 225, Sergei Loktionov, Yabloko's press secretary said Wednesday.


Yabloko files lawsuits concerning 2003 Duma elections.
ITAR-TASS, March 10, 2004

Alexander Veshnyakov, head of the Russian Central Electoral Commission, told the Ekho Moskvy radio on Wednesday that theYabloko party didn't stand a chance to win its lawsuits concerning the results of the parliamentary elections in Russia if its accusations are based on the same materials that the Russian Central Electoral Commission studied earlier.


Putin's Main Rival Is Apathy
By GUY CHAZAN, Wall Street Journal, March 11, 2004

Grigory Yavlinsky, leader of the liberal Yabloko party, which suffered a crushing defeat in December's Duma elections, says voting would mean supporting the regime Mr. Putin has created -- "an authoritarian political system where the press, secret services, elections, Parliament and business are all controlled from one room."


Paper: Tallies Get Changed
The Moscow Times, March 12, 2004

Three months ago, the Communists submitted a complaint accusing the Central Elections Commission of certifying falsified results, saying their vote tally from the notarized protocols gathered by party observers at polling stations did not square with the declared results. Similar complaints were raised by Yabloko and the Union of Right Forces, but all the complaints were dismissed.


Russian Human Rights Groups Decry Vote.
By Maria Danilova, Associated Press, March 10, 2004

The election "can be compared to a soccer game, which has no goal, no ball and no field - just the score on the scoreboard, and you are being invited to watch the score," said Grigory Yavlinsky, leader of the liberal Yabloko party.


YABLOKO Intends to Take Electoral Commissions to Courts The Party continues its parallel count of the votes
By Ksenia Veretennikova, Vremya Novostei, February 27, 2004

"It is obvious already now that the results of the elections were distorted, and that YABLOKO was deprived of votes, while votes were added to United Russia’s total," said Mitrokhin.


The Central Electoral Commission: No Grounds for Doubting the Elections Results
RIA "Novosti", February 25, 2004

Veshnyakov told journalists that the heads and members of the local electoral commissions who neglected their duties and were careless during the vote counting, "are no longer working there."


Elections 2003: Dead Souls Overcame the Five Per Cent Barrier. Over 3.5 million false ballot papers were added
By Orkhan Dzhemal, Novaya Gazeta, January 29, 2004

On January 26, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) delivered its verdict on Russia's parliamentary elections. The verdict was as follows: "Free, but not fair."... It's not entirely clear what the PACE meant by saying the elections were "free."


Free, but Not Fair
By Olga Redichkina, Gazeta.ru, January 27, 2004

This is how Europe is expected to describe the elections in Russia.


State Duma prefers misers
By Aliya Samigullina, Gazeta.ru, January 28, 2004

The Central Electoral Commission and the Bank of Russia have released the financial results of the State Duma elections. It turned out that the SPS, which failed to make it into the Duma, spent the most on its electoral campaign.


Yabloko Party to Appeal to Court over Violations in Parliamentary Elections
Trud, January 22, 2004

The Communist party reportedly conducted a parallel vote-counting and announced that both Yabloko and the Union of Right-Wing Forces (SPS) parties had overcome the necessary barrier (5%) and that two-thirds of the protocols used in the election’s state automated system had no legal force.


Zyuganov and Yavlinsky Will Meet in Court with United Russia
By Rustem Falyakhov and Denis Yermakov, Gazeta, January 22, 2004

Until the end of the week YABLOKO and the CPRF will sign an agreement and begin work over an application to the Supreme Court. The parties seek to secure a revision of the results of the parliamentary elections held in December 2003.


Did We All Vote So Amicably?
By Orkhan Jemal, Novaya Gazeta, January 19, 2004

At the end of last week representatives from the YABLOKO Party confirmed that their party was ready to contest in court the results of the [parliamentary] elections. Their vote recount, an alternative to that of the Central Electoral Commission, demonstrated that in reality YABLOKO obtained 6% and the SPS 5.12% of the votes.


YABLOKO Party to Contest Parliamentary Election Results
RIA "OREANDA", January 19, 2004

In addition the party confirmed its intention not to announce any candidate for the RF Presidential Elections planned for March 14, 2004.


YABLOKO will contest the results of parliamentary elections
Grigory Yavlinsky's website, January 19, 2004

The YABLOKO party is going to contest in court the results of the parliamentary elections which took place on December 7, 2003. The party thinks that the public should be informed about incidents of election fraud, and those responsible for the falsification of the results of the elections should be punished.


Yabloko Defiant in Wrap-up of December Vote Results
Rosbalt, January 18, 2003

Yabloko, the political party, has issued a stinging critique of the Russian political system, a Rosbalt reporter was told by the party's press service after a meeting of the party's national presidium wound up very late Thursday night.


YABLOKO says Duma elections were rigged, threatens to go to court
Gazeta.Ru, January 16, 2004

The liberal YABLOKO party intends to file a lawsuit in connection with numerous violations committed at the recent State Duma elections.


YABLOKO will prove in court that "votes were stolen" at the parliamentary elections
Gzt.Ru, January 16, 2004

"Within one or two months we shall finalise the work - the analysis of protocols of electoral commissions - and shall accumulate an ample critical mass of protocols to conduct the fight in court," said Ivanenko on Ekho Moskvi radio station.


More candidates appear
IA MiK, January 15, 2004

Chairman of Sverdlovsk regional branch of the Russian Democratic Party YABLOKO Yuri Kuznetsov has proposed himself as candidate for the [by-elections]of deputies of the State Duma in Verkh-Isetskiy single-mandate electoral district No 162.


The state comes first for Vladimir Putin
Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Claudia von Salzen, Tagesspiegel, January 12, 2004

All elements of society are concentrated in the same hands which resemble the 1930s. This is a semi-Soviet system.


Yavlinsky Fears Totalitarian Slide
Reuters, January 12, 2004

Yavlinsky, speaking Thursday evening, said Russia has effectively reverted to a Soviet-style one-party parliament after the December elections. The pro-Kremlin United Russia party controls two-thirds of seats in the State Duma, and Yavlinsky said the other three parties there were indistinguishable from it on all major issues.


Grigory Yavlinsky: A Western type of democracy will win in Russia in 20-25 years
By Igor Deyev, ITAR-TASS, January 9, 2004

Yavlinsky stressed that the views of his party on the variants of economic and domestic political developments of the country "considerably differ" from the point of view of the present Russian leadership that "has been trying to create an inefficient system of state capitalism."


Grigory Yavlinsky: a Potyomkin village has been systematically built in Russia.
Novaya Gazeta, December 25, 2003

The reason is that elections have ceased to be even relatively democratic - honest, equal, or fair. With no judiciary independent from the administration, no independent mass media, no independent sources of funding, there cannot be real political competition - and that is the essence of elections.


The Kremlin gets loyal lawmakers and business gets reliable lobbyists
By Vitaly Ivanov, Vedomosti, December 30, 2003

It is hard to say now what the Kremlin was really aiming to achieve when it sought absolute control over the Duma. Experts usually list four factors as possible motives. Firstly...


In Russia, Everything Is Just Getting Started
Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky, Vedomosti, December 29, 2003

...it turned out to be exceptionally difficult to demonstrate that there is a difference between real democrats and those who only call themselves democrats. For example, people think Boris Yeltsin was the main democrat. And it's been impossible to explain that he wasn't a democrat at all.


Grigory Yavlinsky: You Cannot Raise Funds for the Campaign Without the Consent of the Regime
By Mikhail Vinogradov, Izvestia, December 24, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky - leader of the Yabloko party, which is not represented in the new Duma - will not take part in the presidential race. In this interview, the Yabloko leader explains the reasons for his decision. Yavlinsky doesn't view this as a disaster; he intends to try to preserve and strengthen his party, looking ahead to the next elections.


Yabloko won't take part in presidential elections
RosBusinessConsulting, December 22, 2003

The Yabloko party will not nominate its candidate for the presidential elections in March 2004, because it believes that, in the present political situation in Russia, fair and equal elections are impossible, Grigory Yavlinsky, the leader of Yabloko, said after the party's congress at the weekend.


YABLOKO to boycott 2004 presidential elections
RIA "Novosti", December 21, 2003

"The party will not nominate a presidential candidate," Yavlinsky reported after the Yabloko congress. Previously the Yabloko leader had been nominated for the presidency three times.


YABLOKO decides not to nominate any candidate for presidency
By Natalya Panshina, ITAR-TASS, December 21, 2003

Yavlinsky stressed that the party's main task for the next four years would be the formation of "a large impressive democratic party" which would operate outside the legislature as "a democratic opposition".


Demoralised Russian liberals boycott presidential race
AFP, December 21, 2003

The walkout by liberal forces is likely to be embarassing for Putin, affecting the international legitimacy of the poll, but analysts say the two small parties themselves will suffer the most from their political exclusion.


Differences in Arithmetic between the YABLOKO party and the Central Electoral Commission
Interview with Galina Mikhalyova, Head of the Analytical Department of YABLOKO by Olga Kitova, Russkiy Kurier, December 19, 2003

In any case, we are already convinced that the count was not fair.


Communists and Yabloko call into question the voting results.
ITAR-TASS, December 19, 2003

December 19 (Itar-Tass) - On Friday the Central Electoral Commission of the Russian Federation officially summed up and validated the results of the December 7th Duma elections.


Communist Party Wants 11 Recounts
The Moscow Times, December 19, 2003

Communist officials said their alternative tally, based on voting protocols taken from 93.1 percent of polling stations together with Yabloko and the Union of Right Forces, revealed discrepancies in dozens of polling stations.


The United Russia as a Collective Putin of the Duma
By Pavel Voshchanov, Novaya Gazeta, December 18, 2003

The victorious centrists, who (for ideological considerations, of course) cannot move a single step away from the Kremlin, suddenly threw up their hands and cried out in grief: Oh dear, however did we end up with this imbalance?! And they immediately set about planning to rebuild the right-wing liberal movement in Russia.


Fair game: Communists and YABLOKO question the parliamentary election results
By Orkhan Dzhemal, Novaya Gazeta, December 18, 2003

Sergei Mitrokin, one of Yabloko party's leaders, has stated that according to available information, Yabloko did cross the 5% threshold in the Duma elections - but the party's vote total was artificially lowered just enough to prevent it from getting into the Duma.


3 Parties Consider Boycotting Election
By Simon Saradzhyan, The Moscow Times, December 18, 2003

Leaders of the liberal and communist opposition said Wednesday that they may form a rather unusual alliance to boycott the March presidential election, which incumbent President Vladimir Putin is widely expected to win in a first round.


Democrats Set To Hang Together
Mikhail Zadornov in an interview with Dmitry DOKUCHAEV, Moscow News, December 18, 2003

Mr. Zadornov talks about his partys dismal performance and the democrats strategy in the new Duma


Young, Educated and 'Against All'
By Anna Dolgov, The Moscow Times, December 18, 2003

In the vote for single-mandate candidates, where choice in each district was limited to representatives of only a handful of parties competing for State Duma seats, the vote "against all" was substantially higher than in party-list balloting.


Tricks of Vote-Fixing Trade
By Boris Kagarlitsky, The Moscow Times, December 18, 2003

But where the elections themselves are concerned, Stalin's inspired principle remains in force: The important thing is not how they vote but how we count.


Who Is Mr. Putin: Successor or Reformer?
By Alexei Pankin, The Moscow Times, December 16, 2003

Television coverage of the election was not objective and the government machine once more played its part, yet because the outcome was guaranteed by Putin's popularity, this election was marred by far fewer excesses than in years past.


YABLOKO to determine the format of its participation in the presidential elections on December 19-20
RIA "Novosti", December 16, 2003

Earlier, Yabloko leader Grigory Yavlinsky spoke about the talks with the Union of Right-Wing Forces on the nomination of a single candidate. The presidential elections are scheduled for March 14.


Liberals Got to Get Their Act Together
Editorial, The Moscow Times, December 15, 2003

The evidence is that a large section of the liberal-minded electorate chose either not to vote at all or voted against all, because they were so disillusioned or disgusted with the spinelessness and vacillation of the two parties. The liberal electorate according to various estimates is 15 percent to 20 percent.


New or Old Russia?
By Andrew Kuchins, The Moscow Times, December 15, 2003

Nobody really expected that both of the real liberal democratic parties, Yabloko and the Union of Right Forces, would fall short of the 5 percent threshold needed for party representation in the Duma. Similarly nobody really expected that the most nationalist parties, LDPR and Rodina, would between them garner more than 20 percent of the vote.


Liberals Face Tough Trade-Off in Duma
By Caroline McGregor and Oksana Yablokova, The Moscow Times, December 15, 2003

The seven deputies from the Union of Right Forces and Yabloko know they have to fight for influence in a State Duma where they are massively outnumbered. In deciding which alliances are in their interest, they face a tough trade-off between pragmatism and principles.


Sergei Mitrokhin demands annulment of the voting results in the Babushinsky electoral district of Moscow
Rosbalt, December 11, 2003

"After we received the signals on these multiple violations, the commission began releasing information that Shirokov was the leader of the election, noted Mitrokhin. - YABLOKO thinks that the results of the election were falsified and should be annulled, and that a new vote should be carried out."


Civil Rights Advocates Rue Duma
By Irina Titova, St Peterburg Times, December 11, 2003

"If the election results were falsified - then we'll have to fight," Grigoryants said. "If not then we'll be facing up to long and hard work with the souls of those people who've been indifferent to what's going on."


A Funeral For Russian Democracy
By Vladimir Kovalyev, St Peterburg Times, December 11, 2003

A big and, maybe the best part of the population, the intelligentsia, young free-minded people - literally millions of Russian citizens supporting basic democratic values - were thrown aside by a crowd of the blind majority that was so easily "managed" and ready to do whatever it was told to do.


Communists Say Vote Count 'a Scam'
By Anatoly Medetsky and Francesca Mereu, St Peterburg Times, December 11, 2003

"We can't accept the results of a vote that is 100 percent a scam. We're demanding a recount of the ballots by hand," Zyuganov said at a news conference.


Communists say Duma vote was rigged
Gazeta.ru, December 10, 2003

According to the results of the parallel count of votes carried out by the Communist Party observers, approximately 1.5 per cent was stolen from both YABLOKO and the Union of Right-Wing Forces. The Motherland bloc also lost around 1 per cent during the relay of the results from the voting to Moscow, although this loss wasn't as critical for Sergei Glazyev and Dmitry Rogozin as it was for the liberals.


Communist Party's calculations indicate that Yabloko actually entered the State Duma
RIA "OREANDA", December 10, 2003

The simultaneous counting is still being carried on, but it is already clear from the data that have been obtained that the Yabloko Party passed the 5% threshold, collecting 5.7% of votes. The alternative figure indicating voter participation also differs from the official figures.


Grigory Yavlinsky on National-Socialism in Russia
RIA "OREANDA", December 10, 2003

"National socialism is a great overstatement. I do not think that this could happen in the Russian Federation", Yavlinsky stated at a press conference on 9 December 2003.


Grigory Yavlinsky: the main task of YABLOKO is to keep the party
Press release, December 9, 2003

“In these circumstances YABLOKO’s main task should be the preservation of the party, reflecting the interests of the millions of the electorate who voted for our party at the elections,” said Yavlinsky at a press conference on Tuesday, 9 December 2003.


Grigory Yavlinsky thinks that national-socialism does not threaten Russia
Press release, December 9, 2003

At the same time Yavlinsky admitted that there was a danger of nationalism in Russia. “What is more, the danger of nationalism exists in many European countries and in many other countries of the world,” said YABLOKO’s leader.


Grigory Yavlinsky thinks that political technologists played a negative role in the election campaign
Press release, December 9, 2003

"Political technologists put the country into a historically embarrassing situation. The development of democracy involves specific processes as does its curbing; and everyone promoting the second process should remember: you cannot reverse the milking of a cow," said Yavlinsky at a press conference on Tuesday, 9 December 2003.


Absence of the Union of Right-Wing Forces and YABLOKO from State Duma toAffect the Economic Reforms
RIA "OREANDA", December 9, 2003

The absence of representatives from the Union of Right-Wing Forces and the YABLOKO party will have an ambiguous impact on the economic reforms of the country.


Communists Accuse United Russia of Counterfeiting the Parliamentary Poll
RIA "OREANDA", December 9, 2003

The Russian Communist Party (KPRF) accuses United Russia bloc of counterfeiting the parliamentary poll regarding the "Yabloko" bloc and the Union of Right-Wing Forces (SPS).


YABLOKO Doubts Duma Poll returns
RIA "Novosti", December 9, 2003

Yavlinsky criticised the pre-election campaign. "The ruling party had sixteen times more air time on the television than YABLOKO," he pointed out.


Why Liberals Did Not Lose The Elections
By Yulia Latynina, Moscow Times, December 10, 2003

For huge numbers of Russians, however, democracy remains a prized ideal. The "none of the above" party took 4.8 percent of the vote on Sunday, and it was supported by democrats. Voters in favor of a strong hand and Holy Rus had plenty of parties to choose from. The democrats had no choice whatsoever.


Yavlinsky Doggedly Promises to Soldier On
By Oksana Yablokova, Moscow Times, December 10, 2003

"We will have to build a party that will be able to work outside parliament," Yavlinsky said. "That will be quite a difficult and unusual thing to do."


Putin Revels in Election; Others See Flaws
By Steven Lee Myers, NYTimes, December 9, 2003

"We now have, again, a one-party Parliament," said Mr. Yavlinsky, who leads Yabloko and has been the public face of Russia's democrats for the last decade. "Russia has had no such Parliament since Brezhnev."


Veteran Russian liberal says election was rigged
By Andrei Shukshin, Reuters, December 9, 2003

The leader of Russia's liberal Yabloko party Grigory Yavlinsky accused the Kremlin on Tuesday of rigging the results of last week's parliament vote but said no legal action would ever succeed in the country's courts.


Results of elections in the CIS and foreign countries
ITAR-TASS, December 8, 2003

MOSCOW. Four or five candidates running in one-seat constituencies from the Union of Right-Wing Forces and YABLOKO will get seats in the new Duma. YABLOKO leader Grigory Yavlinsky did not run in a one-seat constituency and his colleague Vladimir Lukin, who was deputy speaker in the previous Duma, lost in the elections. YABLOKO candidates who were elected are Sergei Popov, Mikhail Zadoronov, Galina Khovanskaya and Mikhail Yemelyanov.


Chubais predicts dark times
By Ilya Zhegulev, gazeta.ru, December 8, 2003

An alliance with YABLOKO still remains one of the priority tasks on the SPS agenda, Chubais said. However, the YABLOKO leader Grigory Yavlinsky on Sunday evening again ruled out any form of alliance with the SPS.


Only three Yabloko members win Duma seats
Interfax, December 8, 2003

Only three members of Yabloko have managed to enter the State Duma after winning single-mandate districts in yesterday's elections, said Yevgenia Dillendorf, press secretary for Yabloko leader Grigory Yavlinsky


Alternative vote count: YABLOKO and SPS make it into the Duma
By Asya Ryazanova, Utro.ru, December 8, 2003

So the data from the CPRF (on the party web-site during the whole post-election night) demonstrate a picture which somewhat differs from that provided by the Central Electoral Commission, slightly, and not in the CPRF part, as one could presume, but in the part of YABLOKO and SPS. According to independent observers, these two parties obtained more than the required five per cent by at least 0.5 per cent. This is a small thing, but this changed the division of forces in the lower chamber of the Russian parliament in principle. How do you like this?


Putin's Victory
By Vitaly Ivanov, Svetlana Ivanova and Alexander Bekker, Vedomosti, December 9, 2003

Yesterday, YABLOKO leader Grigory Yavlinsky looked very confident. He didn't miss any opportunity to say that YABLOKO "is ready to take responsibility for democratic forces in the new Duma."


United Russia, Rodina, YABLOKO preferred by voters in Moscow
ITAR-TASS, December 8, 2003

The following are the results of the elections to the State Duma in Moscow after 95 percent of the ballot papers were counted.


Putin Calls Elections Fair Despite Observers' Criticism
By Steven Lee Myers, NYTimes, December 8, 2003

Two groups that sent election observers, the Council of Europe and the Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe, said in a report that the results also reflected "the extensive use of the state apparatus and media favoritism to benefit the largest pro-presidential party."


Gorbachev warns Russia's leaders against "Soviet Communist-type situation"
AFP, December 8, 2003

The former Communist leader attributed United Russia's success to "a certain tendency to the consolidation of society" and to "the enormous role of the use of administrative levers."


Denunciation swift, celebration muted after Russian poll
AFP, December 8, 2003

"The administration has greatly affected the election's outcome," agreed liberal Yabloko leader party leader Grigory Yavlinsky.


TABLE-Russian election results at 1200 GMT
Reuters, December 8, 2003

A party needs to get at least five percent of the vote to win seats in the Duma. Votes won by parties that fail to cross the threshold are divided between the winners.


Complaints of Fraud And Ballot Stuffing
By Catherine Belton and Timur Aliev, The Moscow Times, December 8, 2003

"At this polling station only 200 people voted, or about 10 percent," said Ruslan Khadashev, an observer for single-mandate independent candidate Salambek Maigov. "I don't know where they got 70 percent from."


Singular TV Diet on Election Day
By Anna Dolgov, The Moscow Times, December 8, 2003

Judging by the two channels' coverage, a viewer unfamiliar with Russian politics might not even be aware that other parties, such as liberal opposition Yabloko and the pro-reform Union of Right Forces, or SPS, were running in the election.


United Russia Grabs a Gigantic Lead
By Caroline McGregor, The Moscow Times, December 8, 2003

If United Russia's striking margin of victory was the top story of the day, the strength of two nationalist parties, Liberal Democratic Party of Russia and Homeland, was the second. The weakness of the liberals, the Union of Right Forces and Yabloko, was the third.


Russian Politics: "No News Is Good News"
Grigory Yavlinsky, head of the opposition Yabloko Party, Business Week, December 8, 2003

It's certainly necessary to do a lot of positive things, but they can't be done at the moment. They can be done only after the Presidential election -- if the President is prepared to move in this direction.


United Russia Party has aclear lead after 7.59 per cent of the votes are counted.
ITAR-TASS, December 7, 2003

Central Electoral Commission officials said at the same time the progress of vote counting from the Far East towards the European regions of Russia revealed a growing percentage of the ballots cast against all candidates.


YABLOKO: The Central Electioral Commission did OK in the pre-election campaign.
RIA "Novosti", December 7, 2003

The Central Election Commission was, on the whole, a success with preparing grounds for pre-election campaigning and the actual campaign, says the democratic political party, YABLOKO.


Veteran Russian liberal says election was rigged
By Natalya Panshina, ITAR-TASS, December 5, 2003

Russia's right-wing parties, the SPS and Yabloko and the Communist Party have agreed to jointly monitor progress in the voting when Russia on Sunday, December 7 will be electing the lower house of parliament.


Television Newscasts Give Kremlin a Boost
By Anna Dolgov, The Moscow Times, December 5, 2003

President Vladimir Putin has said on a number of occasions that he would like to see United Russia win the Duma elections, and praised the party again in a lengthy interview that aired on all three main channels last Friday.


All-Out Battle for Presidency in Ufa
By Alex Fak, The Moscow Times, December 5, 2003

"Putin does not care what happens here," said Eduard Khusnutdinov, a former opposition journalist and a Duma candidate with Yabloko.


Why Duma Elections Do Matter
Editorial, The Moscow Times, December 5, 2003

An overwhelming victory for United Russia (with a roughly commensurate drop in the Communist vote) would be taken by the Kremlin as complete legitimization of its actions over the past four years.


Yabloko, SPS, Communists Team Up
The Moscow Times, December 4, 2003

"Authoritarian tendencies are growing stronger in the country. An analysis of the election campaign shows that equal opportunities are not being provided to all candidates," the parties said in a statement.


Almost 22% of Russian Citizens Hesitate over Choice of Political Party during Forthcoming Elections
RIA "Oreanda", November 28, 2003

According to the Social Opinion Fund, this information was obtained from a poll of the population in 200 cities in 63 Russian regions.


Stop Elbowing!
By Georgy Ilyichev, Izvestia, November 28, 2003

Galina Mikhalyova, head of YABLOKO's analytical center, couldn't restrain herself: "It is strange to be forced to tell this audience, for the 225th time, that the SPS and YABLOKO are different parties, with different voters and different positions.


St. Petersburg Governor and YABLOKO Will Fight Corruption Together
By Yelena Rotkevich, Izvestia, November 28, 2003

Yavlinsky held several meetings in St. Petersburg on November 26; his conversation with Matviyenko lasted one-and-a-half hours rather than the scheduled 30 minutes, focusing primarily on cooperation between the party and the new municipal administration, as well as joint efforts to "overcome the bane of corruption" which has taken shape in St. Petersburg in recent years.


Russian election video for Yabloko
BBC Monitoring, ORT Channel, November 26, 2003

"...I said: Yes, Vladimir Vladimirovich [Putin], about 90 per cent of Russian voters vote for you - it is true - and only 10 per cent for me. But these 10 per cent are so valuable that without them your 90 per cent will not be able to do anything."


Russia's gloomy lawmakers admit decade of Kremlin domination
AFP, December 3, 2003

Arbatov said he had few doubts that Putin's aides were orchestrating the election's results and brushed aside suggestions that Russia has made major progress toward a Western-style democracy since the Soviet Union's collapse in 1991.


Yukos Takes a Bite Out of Yabloko's Party List
By Francesca Mereu, The Moscow Times, December 3, 2003

Yabloko, like the Communist Party, has a stable core of support. The bulk of its electorate is composed of well-educated people who believe in democracy and a market economy but have been left behind by the changes of the past decade.


From High Drama To Rubber Stamping
By Anna Dolgov, The Moscow Times, December 3, 2003

"It is clear to everybody that the Duma is controlled by the Kremlin," said Nikolai Petrov, a domestic politics analyst at the Carnegie Moscow Center.


The Parties to Keep an Eye On
The Moscow Times, December 2, 2003

These lists represent the nine parties that have the best chance of securing seats in the next State Duma.


Putin Rivals, Observers Charge Election Tactics Are Unfair
By Gregory L. White, Wall Street Journal, December 2, 2003

The Kremlin is pushing hard to boost its support in the lower house of parliament. Government officials insist the push is aimed at easing the passage of President Vladimir Putin's program of economic and other overhauls


Liberal Candidates Suffer "Administrative" Pressures
By Vladimir Kovalev, St. Petersburg Times, December 2, 2003

Irina Khakamada, Union of Right Forces co-leader and a candidate in the St. Petersburg electoral district No. 209, and Anatoly Golov, Yabloko's candidate in the No. 210 district, on Monday complained they face serious administrative pressure in the election campaign.


The Elections and the Great Schism
By Stanislav Belkovsky, The Moscow Times, December 2, 2003

As election day approaches and media attention grows, it is becoming increasingly apparent that the State Duma elections are a political non-event. Why?


Deputies Pass Raft of Bills on Duma's Last Day
By Anna Dolgov, The Moscow Times, December 1, 2003

In the chamber, which emptied through the day as deputies left to go on the campaign stump, a handful of opposition lawmakers were drowned out by a chorus of self-congratulation from pro-Kremlin lawmakers.


Yavlinsky Slams Kremlin Stance
By Irina Titova, St.Petersburg Times, November 28, 2003

"The government should be interested in having an independent legislative organ," he said. "Otherwise, it will lead to weakening of the Russian power."


Internet Resources in English
Editor: Henry E. Hale, RUSSIAN ELECTION WATCH, Vol.3, No.2, November 2003

While most parties have little or no information in English, Yabloko regularly translates party documents and press releases as well as campaign-related news stories it considers of interest to readers.


Communists pull out of "Fair Election" agreement
RosBusinessConsulting, November 28, 2003

The Communist Party of the Russian Federation is pulling out of the "Fair Election" agreement, which was signed in August by all political parties and blocs taking part in the election campaign (except the Yabloko party), Communist leader Gennady Zyuganov told reporters.


Russia Pro - Government Party Seen Gaining
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS, NYTimes, November 27, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky, who heads the liberal Yabloko party, warned in St. Petersburg that the government is trying to create "a tamed Duma with an obedient majority.


Pro-Kremlin Russian party boosts lead before vote
Reuters, November 25, 2003

The poll of 6,000 people in three Russian cities by the state-run VTsIOM agency put United Russia in the lead with 32.7 percent, ahead of the Communist Party on 14.3 percent. The elections are to be held on December 7.


The Triumph of United Russia: It wins a pseudo-election
By Vitaly Voronin and Anfisa Voronina, Vedomosti, November 25, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky, who heads the liberal Yabloko party, warned in St. Petersburg that the government is trying to create "a tamed Duma with an obedient majority.


The Union of Right-Wing Forces Splitting Over YABLOKO
By Yaroslav Rodionov, Noviye Izvestia, November 24, 2003

...it appears that Chubais completely gave up on any idea of a union - and is now revising SPS strategy towards confrontation with YABLOKO. However, Nemtsov and Khakamada take the opposite view.


Brain Navigators
By Irina Nagornykh, Suzanna Farizova and Yuri Chernega, Kommersant-Vlast, November 17, 2003

According to Ivanenko, it is more difficult to carry out an election campaign for YABLOKO than for others, primarily owing to a lack of funding.


Zhirinovsky Gets Into Fistfight After Televised Election Debate
The Moscow Times, November 24, 2003

Tensions rose on NTV's the "Freedom of Speech" talk show when Zhirinovsky, the leader of the Liberal Democratic Party, accused retired General Gennady Shpak of the leftist Homeland party of sending his own son to his death by allowing him to fight in Chechnya.


"Russian economic miracle. Will it ever happen?"
Anchor: Savvik Shuster, NTV channel, "Freedom of Speech" programme, November 21, 2003

Yavlinsky says Russia's people need a "strong state that serves its citizens" rather than the state based on "bandit capitalism" they have at present with no independent judiciary or legislature and no free media.


Russia's democrats fall from influence
By Susan B. Glasser, Washington Post, November 19, 2003

Parliament would be left dominated by a pro-government party whose only campaign pledge is to stick close to President Vladimir Putin and a Communist Party consumed by nostalgia for the Soviet Union.


Russian politicians seek Zhirinovsky ban after brawl
By Andrei Shukshin, Reuters, November 23, 2003

"Decent people feel nothing but loathing and disgust for all this," Nemtsov, who had a glass of orange juice tossed in his face by Zhirinovsky in a mid-1990s debate, told Ekho Moskvy.


Tricks, Lies and Zyuganov's Head on a Bust
By Kevin O'Flynn, The Moscow Times, November 12, 2003

They're off. Four days into the official State Duma election season, the first low blow has been thrown in a campaign predicted to be chock-full of dirty tricks, fake candidates, bribery, blackmail, misinformation, lies and insults.


Funny Elections, Kremlin uses "administrative resource"
By Stanislav Menshikov, Moscow Tribune, November 21, 2003

Russian "democracy" has invented a new term to define an ancient practice. The term is "administrative resource" and it means using the government machine and its financial resources at all levels to gain advantage over the opposition in formally free elections.


Political Scientists Gather at Round Table at the Open Forum
Valery Kazakov and Sergei Zalesski, Argumenty i Fakty, November 19, 2003

Depending on the results of the Duma elections, a structure of the parliament will be formed that the president will have to deal with and that will serve as the basis for his policy", claims Ivanenko.


Who Devised the SPS "military doctrine"?
By Orkhan Dzemal, Novaya Gazeta, November 17, 2003

"...On the other hand, I do not rule out the possibility that some third force may be involved. We will see after the election who got whose votes."


Russian journalists to list would-be MPs according to their stance on media freedom
Rossiyskaya Gazeta, November 12, 2003

A long-forgotten word from the Soviet era was revived yesterday: nakaz or "wish list".


Sergei Mitrokhin accused RAO "UES of Russia" of financing the SPS and intending to embroil the SPS and YABLOKO.
Rosbalt, November 4, 2003

According to Mitrokhin, fake candidates, former activists of "Yabloko Without Yavlinsky" movement are standing against YABLOKO in single-mandate electoral districts.


Russia's Democrats Face Prospect of Irrelevance
By Susan B. Glasser, Washington Post, November 14, 2003

A decade ago, Yavlinsky founded Yabloko as a vehicle meant to place the young economist in the presidency, with backing from the coalition of former dissidents, liberal intellectuals and other activists who had helped spur the Soviet collapse.


SPS Attacks on YABLOKO attributed to Election Campaign
RIA-Novosti, November 13, 2003

"We shall continue cooperating with the SPS, for instance, we have appointed single-mandate candidates and engaged in active cooperation in the State Duma of this convocation and hope to continue it in the next State Duma," Ivanenko said.


Wealth: wild card in Russian election
By Fred Weir, Christian Science Monitor, November 13, 2003

"Previously hidden conflicts have emerged into the open, and now there is a real issue to fight the election on: Will Russia slide back into a police state or turn decisively toward the European model of democracy and human rights."


Radio Mayak broadcast of a live election debate between Yabloko and the Constitutional Democrats
Anchor: Yuli Semyonov, BBC Monitoring, November 11, 2003

Ivanenko said that people should be more alert to what the parties actually do rather than listen to their promises.


Russia Enters Election Season Split Over Future of Capitalism
By Peter Baker, Washington Post, November 8, 2003

On the anniversary of the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution, Russia formally opened its parliamentary election season Friday amid a vigorous debate about the future of capitalism in this country in transition.


Elite Change, Status Quo Unchanged
By Andrei Ryabov, The Moscow Times, November 6, 2003

The arrest of Yukos CEO Mikhail Khodorkovsky has hastened serious changes in the balance of power within the Russian political establishment -- perhaps the most profound changes since Vladimir Putin became president.


Chubais Offers Yavlinsky a Merger
By Oksana Yablokova, The Moscow Times, November 6, 2003

"Both you and I see Russia's return to dictatorship as a catastrophe. This is the most weighty reason for the unification," the letter read.


Responsible for the Constitution
Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Alexander Goltz, Yezhenedelnyi Zhurnal, November 4, 2003

"This is my country. I didn't choose where or when to be born. But since I'm here, I have to get as much done as I can. Then other people will come along to continue the work."


United Russia Party top election fund-raiser
RIA "OREANDA", November 3, 2003

The aggregate sum of election funds of parties and coalitions participating in the State Duma election amounts to 902,129,290.00 rubles, - Central Election Committee Chairman Alexander Veshnyakov said at a press conference on Friday.


Putin's political rating remains high - poll
Interfax, November 2, 2003

VTSIOM-A polled 1,600 people in 40 regions and 100 populated areas on its own initiative from October 24 to 28.


Court Frees Up Election Coverage
By Caroline McGregor, The Moscow Times, October 31, 2003

The Constitutional Court on Thursday ruled as unconstitutional one part of the law that restricts media coverage of election campaigns, and in doing so, gave journalists more room to do their jobs, critics of the law said.


Parties' Spending
The Moscow Times, October 30, 2003

Russian parties that will be competing in the upcoming State Duma elections are running out of their official campaign funds, Interfax quoted Central Elections Commission officials as saying.


Putin looks to Duma to tighten his grip
By Alexander Bim and Kim Iskyan, International Herald Tribune, October 29, 2003

If strong lobbyist factions - primarily those supported by some of Russia's oligarchs - carve out a voice for themselves, the Kremlin will have a much more difficult time managing the Duma. A strong showing by the liberal Yabloko faction (which has received financial support from Khodorkovsky) could interfere with the Kremlin's plans.


How to Make People Vote with Their Hearts
By Orkhan Djemal, Novaya Gazeta, October 23, 2003

German researcher Elizabet Noel-Neuman has described a phenomenon she called "the spiral of silence." On controversial issues, people tend to fall in with majority views rather than working out an opinion of their own; they are even less inclined to side with minority opinions.


YABLOKO Says Its Campaign Has Been Hobbled
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, October 24, 2003

After the search, Yabloko party leader Grigory Yavlinsky said officials in the prosecutor's office were "warned" that they were taking away documents belonging to Yabloko


Crackdown on YUKOS Spills over into Duma Campaign
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, October 24, 2003

Investigators from the Prosecutor-General's Office and the Federal Security Service (FSB) on 23 October conducted a raid of the offices of a public-relations firm that is doing campaign work for the Yabloko party, Russian media reported.


PR agency searched in YUKOS probe
Gazeta.ru, October 24, 2003

"The Prosecutor-General's Office and the Federal Security Service have confiscated documents and electronic information media, linked to the election campaign and owned by the Yabloko party." This comes from a statement issued by the party leader Grigory Yavlinsky. The document notes that the agency was carrying out political consultative work for the Yabloko election campaign.


Yukos Probe Spills Over to Yabloko
By Catherine Belton and Alex Nicholson, The Moscow Times, October 24, 2003

The relentless tax investigation into Yukos veered openly into politics for the first time Thursday as prosecutors raided a public relations agency hired by the Yukos-funded liberal Yabloko party, detaining two of the party's deputies and confiscating five computer servers.


Prosecutors search company in Yukos probe
The Associated Press, October 23, 2003

The criminal probe into Yukos is seen in Russia as a politically motivated warning to chief executive Mikhail Khodorkovsky, identified by Forbes magazine as Russia's richest man, to stay out of politics. Khodorkovsky has openly supported parties in opposition to the Kremlin and has denounced the probe.


Prosecutors search Yabloko campaigner's office for YUKOS evidence
Gazeta.ru, October 23, 2003

The Prosecutor General's Office on Thursday searched the office of the Yabloko party's campaigner, the Agency for Strategic Communications (ASK).


For Whom the Election Bell Tolls
By Nikolai Petrov, The Moscow Times, October 23, 2003

With "managed democracy" on the rise, the authorities are not so concerned about election results as they are about presenting a facade of decorum.


A Dozen Parties Face Being Left Out
By Caroline McGregor, The Moscow Times, October 22, 2003

A party that fails to get its federal list registered can try to win single-mandate seats -- if its candidates are registered by Wednesday evening. If 12 or more of a party's members get elected, they can form a faction in the new Duma, saving the group from political extinction.


Constitutional Court To Decide Freedom of Speech Issue
By Dmitry Chirkin, pravda.ru, October 17, 2003

The founder of scientific socialism used to say: "History repeats itself twice: first as a tragedy, and then as farce." For the sixth or 56th time, history repeats itself as unbelievable marasm.


Live TV debates cause first election scuffle
By Ksenia Solyanskaya, Gazeta.ru, October 17, 2003

On Friday, the State Duma’s deputies are to review the draft address to the management of two leading state-run television networks, Channel One, and Rossia, with the request to broadcast election debates live.


Plans for Debates Set Off a Debate
By Caroline McGregor, The Moscow Times, October 17, 2003

Two days after the country's top two national television stations let it be understood that they would broadcast taped versions of the upcoming State Duma election debates, they backpedaled Thursday.


Russia: Constitutional Court Hears First Cases On Controversial New Media Law
By Sophie Lambroschini, Radio Liberty/Radio Free Europe, October 15, 2003

In a surprise decision, Russia's Constitutional Court has agreed to hear four different appeals against the new legislation brought by three journalists and more than 100 State Duma deputies.


YABLOKO Is Ripe for the Elections
By Artyom Vernidub, Gazeta.ru, October 9, 2003

"Informally members of the Central Electoral Commission praised us for the high quality and rapid collection of signatures, said Mitrokhin. - This is the best answer to all those who have tried to show that our party allegedly had problems with its regional branches."


Average popularity figures for Russian political parties
By Alexander Braterski, Izvestia, October 9, 2003

According to the NAPP, if the Duma elections had been held in September, the United Russia party would have won the most seats (185), followed by the CPRF (135 seats). YABLOKO and the LDPR would have won 21 seats each. The SPS would have won 22 seats. Other parties and independent candidates would have won 66 seats in single-mandate districts. Based on September polls, voter turnout would have been 69.2%.


Stick Without a Carrot
By Daria Gusyeva and Maksim Balutenko, Vremya Novostei, October 2, 2003

The Monitoring Council for the election campaign is not functioning yet, but some political parties are on the verge of recalling their representatives from this structure.


Russian media warned under strict new law
By Nick Paton Walsh, The Guardian (UK), October 2, 2003

The weekly magazines Kommersant Vlast and Tverskaya 13 were both served with warnings this week after they published articles about the Moscow mayoral election.


The Central Electoral Commission considers the operations of the "Yabloko Without Yavlinsky" movement unlawful
Buro Pravovoi Informatsii, September 29, 2003

On Sunday the meeting of the Central Electoral Commission adopted a decision to agree with the conclusions of the working group and request that the Interior Ministry of the RF and the General Office of the Public Prosecutor abolish the operations of the "Yabloko Without Yavlinsky" movement and make a number of its activists answerable for their actions.


The Central Electoral Commission recognised the "Yabloko Without Yavlinsky" movement as unlawful election propaganda
Rosbalt, September 29, 2003

The Head of the Central Electoral Commission Alexander Veshnyakov said that mass media should consider the illegality of the operations of the "Yabloko Without Yavlinsky" movement, when reporting on its activities.


Grigory Yavlinsky: Russian politics is deliberately being transformed into a farce
Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky by Tatyana Chesnokova, Rosbalt, September 25, 2003

"This situation has been deliberately created to make less and less people engage actively in politics and lead more and more of the population to readily accept decision-making on their behalf by third parties".


Sergei Mitrokhin: "We treat the use of administrative resource as a natural disaster."
IA Marketing i Consulting, September 22, 2003

Interview with deputy of the State Duma, Deputy Head of the YABLOKO faction Sergei Mitrokhin about the position of the YABLOKO party regarding President Putin's attendance of the United Russian congress.


The Political Council of the SPS should revise its decision on the division of electoral districts between SPS and YABLOKO
Alliance Media, September 22, 2003

"We don't think it is proper to fight against the SPS in single-mandate districts," stressed Yavlinsky.


United Russia Conquers the Air
By Anna Dolgov, The Moscow Times, September 24, 2003

The pro-Kremlin United Russia party is getting by far the widest and most favorable coverage on all the major television channels ahead of parliamentary elections, monitoring conducted by The Moscow Times over the past week indicates.


100 Deputies Challenge Media Restrictions
By Francesca Mereu, The Moscow Times, September 24, 2003

"We think that they are against the Russian Constitution, which guarantees freedom in spreading information," deputy SPS leader Alexander Barannikov said Tuesday.


Can Media Cover the Elections?
Editorial, The Moscow Times, September 12, 2003

Presumably, the Kremlin did not shepherd the new legislation through parliament in order for it to trip up the president or silence two of the Kremlin's most important propaganda organs.


MPs contest new media laws on election coverage
By Fyodor Rumyantsev, Gazeta.ru, September 23, 2003

The Union of Right-Wing Forces has collected signatures from Yabloko, the Communists and Vladimir Zhirinovsky's party in support of a complaint to the Constitutional Court, where they have asked the court to look into certain provisions of the law on media coverage during election campaigns, claiming they run counter to the Constitution.


Putin welcomes parties to be part of new Russian State Duma
ITAR-TASS, September 21, 2003

On Saturday 20 September when speaking to foreign media Putin stressed that he would like both the Union of Right-Wing Forces and Yabloko be part of the new Duma, as they have carried out positive work for the lower chamber of the Russian parliament.


What Women Want: A Seat in the Duma
By Francesca Mereu, The Moscow Times, September 17, 2003

In fact, the percentage of women deputies has been steadily falling. Fourteen percent of deputies in the 1993 Duma were women, but this figure shrank to 10 percent in 1995 and just 8 percent in 1999.


'Meet the press' in Russia meets the new censor
By Fred Weir, Christian Science Monitor, September 16, 2003

It smacks strongly of Soviet times - except that today's censors are not Communist Party hacks planted in editorial offices, but the managers of media outlets themselves.


Formation of electoral political alliances over in Russia
By Natalia Panshina, ITAR-TASS, September 15, 2003

The formation of political alliances for the December Duma elections, which took almost two weeks since the beginning of the current electoral campaign, is now over.


Another Provocation
Marketing and Consulting, September 11, 2003

Asked to comment, the Press Service of YABLOKO told us that the party had nothing to do with "Yabloko Without Yavlinsky" or moreover with such a publication.


Parties Still Hopeful
Associated Press, September 10, 2003

Russia's two leading liberal parties may still agree to coordinate their campaigns for the December parliamentary elections despite the collapse of cooperation talks, their leaders said Wednesday.


Putin puts 'Soviet' bar on poll coverage
Nick Paton Walsh in Moscow, Guardian Unlimited, September 9, 2003

The Kremlin has introduced a draconian election law which threatens the media with closure if they give details of candidates' personal lives or analyse their policies.


Chubais Ready to Lead SPS Into Battle
By Francesca Mereu and Oksana Yablokova, The Moscow Times, September 9, 2003

"We are the people who get things done," Chubais said, drawing a standing ovation from the SPS delegates.


Party congresses highlight divisions and cohesion
By Yelena Rudneva and Boris Sapozhnikov, gazeta.ru, September 8, 2003

At the congress held on September 6-7 Yabloko endorsed its electoral programme, which contains 11 provisions and harshly criticizes the existing regime and approved the party's electoral list.


Prosecutor General answers Sergei Mitrokhin
Polit.ru, September 3, 2003

As evidence Mitrokhin demonstrated materials that came from the regions proving that RAO UES was behind the "Yabloko without Yavlinsky" activities.


Regional prosecutors will investigate the actions of the "Yabloko without Yavlinsky" organisation
Rosbalt, September 2, 2003

YABLOKO's press service informed Rosbalt correspondent that the request referred to "dissemination by the leader of "Yabloko without Yavlinsky" movement and some media information defaming the leadership of the YABLOKO party."


"We'll arrange the trial of the century for RAO UES"
By Boris Sapozhnikov, gazeta.ru, September 2, 2003

"I cannot believe that Nemtsov and Khakamada know nothing of PR-campaigns that require such huge expenses, worthy of being included in the Guinness Book of Records."


Ambitious Kokh sets sights on parliament
By Yelena Rudneva, gazeta.ru, September 2, 2003

"He has grown to miss politics very much," sources in SPS explained to Gazeta.Ru.


The 11th Congress of the Russian Democratic Party YABLOKO will take place on September 6-7, 2003 in Moscow.
ABN, September 1, 2003

Chairman of the Russian Democratic Party YABLOKO Grigory Yavlinsky and other leaders of the party will make political reports at the Congress.


Honest Elections in Russia: Myth or Reality?
RIA Novosti, August 28, 2003

The democratic party YABLOKO is the only party which openly refused to sign the declaration.


As the Duma election campaign begins, two non-Kremlin parties have become implacable political rivals.
By Sergei Borisov, Transitions Online, August 25, 2003

Some observers labeled the Elections 2003 forum, aired on two television national channels on 22 August, as "political fiction."


Red Flags and a Big Bear at a Pre-Election Fair
By Francesca Mereu, The Moscow Times, August 25, 2003

Walking into the huge Manezh exhibition hall, where more than two dozen political parties are holding a five-day fair to win over the voters, it is clear how the parliamentary race is shaping up.


The YABLOKO party will conduct its election campaign strictly within the framework of the law, promised Grigory Yavlinsky
Rosbalt, August 21, 2003

The Statement was forwarded to the organisational committee of the "Elections 2003" Fund and to the Chairman of the Central Electoral Commission Alexander Veshnyakov.


On observing the principles for honest elections in 2003-2004
Russian Democratic Party YABLOKO, Statement, August 20, 2003

In all election campaigns the Russian Democratic Party YABLOKO has acted exclusively within the framework of the law and plans to continue doing so in future.


Why Is the All-Russia Public Opinion Research Centre Being Broken Up?
By Alexander Golov and Orkhan Jemal, Novaya Gazeta, August 14, 2003

The authorities haven't liked the ratings it has produced; in the opinion of the authorities, the ratings have been incorrect in some way.


Sergei Mitrokhin expects that Alfred Kokh's statement on the intentions of the SPS to conduct a tough struggle against YABLOKO to be disavowed
MK-Novosti, August 12, 2003

"For the first time an official representative of the SPS openly admitted that this party was going to fight against YABLOKO"


A fake 'apple'* has ripened in the country
By Sergei Alexandrov, Komsomolskaya Pravda, August 9, 2003

YABLOKO beat a record among the party victims of the black PR.
   * YABLOKO means 'apple' in Russian.


Liberals blame Chubais and Kokh for dirty campaign tactics
By Alexander Kolesnichenko, Novye Izvestia, August 8, 2003
Sergei Mitrokhin maintains that Anatoly Chubais, head of the Russian United Energy Systems (UES) has allocated $5 million to discredit Yabloko, and that the anti-Yabloko campaign is being orchestrated by Alfred Kokh, campaign manager for the Union of Right-Wing Forces (SPS).


Maxim Reznik: There has never been a split in the St. Petersburg branch of the YABLOKO party
Rosbalt, August 7, 2003

Such a comment on Irina Khakamada's statement about the action 'YABLOKO without Yavlinsky' was made by the leader of the St. Petersburg branch of the YABLOKO party Maxim Reznik to the Rosbalt correspondent.


Who Is Taking a Bite out of YABLOKO*?
Gazeta, August 5, 2003
YABLOKO activists are determined to close ranks in the face of the new threat.
   * YABLOKO means 'apple' in Russian.


Head of the St.P etersburg branch of YABLOKO: "YABLOKO Without Yavlinsky" initiative will only help the leader of the party
Rosbalt, August 4, 2003

According to Reznik, YABLOKO had a hard time findnmig out who Igor Morozov is and it is difficult to say how he could study the situation in the party to be able to make such actions and statements.


SPS is going to engage in tough struggle against YABLOKO for the electorate
RIA Oreanda, August 11, 2003

On August 8, 2003, Head of the election campaign staff of the Union of Right-Wing Forces (SPS) Alfred Kokh announced to journalists that he planned to engage in a tough struggle against YABLOKO to grab the electorate of the former.


Media law changes provoke concern about press freedom
BBC Monitoring, August 8, 2003

Many in the media and political establishment view the changes as a rollback of a decade of media freedoms and a threat to free speech and free elections, particularly in the regions.


Yabloko Officials Complain About 'Black PR'
RFE/RL, August 6, 2003

Sergei Mitrokhin, deputy leader of the Yabloko faction in the State Duma, referred to the movement's formation as political "hackwork" and an action of "black PR," RosBalt reported the same day.


Sergei Mitrokhin: "I consider the campaign YABLOKO Without Yavlinsky to be an unprofessional piece of black PR action."
Rosbalt, August 5, 2003

Mitrokhin also noted that the movement YABLOKO Without Yavlinsky did not have a single member of the YABLOKO party, which means that the party does not have people who would agree to participate in such provocations for money.


Sergei Mitrokhin: Those who ordered the campaign "YABLOKO Without Yavlinsky" will be detected soon.
Rosbalt, August 5, 2003

He stressed that the YABLOKO party was consistent in opposing the [government's variant of the] reform in the electricity sector, the opaque privatisation of the largest and most profitable assets in this sector, the attempts of the large monopolies to grasp the housing and
utilities sector and switch to 100% payment by the population of housing and utilities services.


United Russia is the Richest and the Most Economical Party
By Valery Tzigankov, Nezavisimaya Gazeta, August 5, 2003

We have obtained copies of the financial statements of United Russia, the Communist Party, the LDPR, YABLOKO, the People's Party, and the Union of Right-Wing Forces for 2002 - and checked the figures against reality.

Sergei Mitrokhin: Anatoli Chubais ordered the "YABLOKO without Yavlinsky press campaign
Rosbalt, August 1, 2003

In an interview with Rosbalt correspondent, Deputy Head of the YABLOKO party Sergei Mitrokhin said that the press conference "YABLOKO without Yavlinsky" conducted in Moscow on Thursday represented a "banal black PR campaign ".


Housing and Utilities Elections Russian Regions Vote for a Taming of Housing and Utilities Managers
By Natalia Ratiani, Izvestia, July 22, 2003

Today Russian voters are more concerned about the performance of the housing and utilities services rather than democratic liberties, and they will be more eager to vote for parties that propose a way out of the vicious circle in housing and utilities reform.


Who Has the Power
By Nikolai Popov, Novoye Vremya, No 28, July, 2003

As in the past 75 per cent of Russians believe that "the state should resolve all the country's problems."


Pre-election Ratings Evoke No Trust
By Valery Vyzhutovich, Rossiiskaya Gazeta No. 143, July 18, 2003

The All-Russia Centre for Public Opinion Studies (VTsIOM) published the results of its latest opinion polls a few days ago, which show that 27 percent of the electorate are prepared to vote for the communists and 26 percent for United Russia.


Yabloko Still Counts On Khodorkovsky
By Francesca Mereu, The Moscow Times, July 16, 2003

The liberal opposition Yabloko party says it is not worried about losing the financial support of Yukos CEO Mikhail Khodorkovsky, despite a sense that his political activities are one cause of his current conflict with the Kremlin.


Central Electoral Commission tried to Reconcile Political Rivals
By Olga Tropkina, Nezavisimaya Gazeta, June 27, 2003

The drafting of a public accord entitled "Elections 2003", which was initiated yesterday by the Central Electoral Commission (CEC) and involved the leaders of the major political parties, ran the risk of resulting in a scandal.


Voters Nabbed by Networks. Election Race Begins: Political Parties Seek Support from Virtual World
By Anna Zakatnova, Rossiyskaya Gazeta, 25 June 2003

Parties' fondness for the Internet has gone so far that Yabloko members have even proposed using the Net for public supervision of the elections.


Poll Suggests Only Four Parties Will Have Seats in New Parliament
Interfax, June 26, 2003

Grigory Yavlinsky's Yabloko party would come in third with 8% of the vote. Its position has not deteriorated since the previous poll.


Deputies Go Home With an Eye on Upcoming Elections
By Francesca Mereu, The Moscow Times, June 23, 2003

After pushing through tax bills but failing to elect a new human rights commissioner, State Duma deputies wrapped up their spring session Saturday and headed home to woo voters before reconvening in the fall with the December elections in mind.


Silence of the Lambs
Vremya MN, June 19, 2003

In other words, the majority of the lower house voted to remove citizens of Russia and the media from the election process. No more free and democratic elections in Russia.


Visit of Grigory Yavlinsky to Rostov Region
Yuzhni Region, June 2, 2003

... We are going to introduce a large programme for the development of small cities in autumn. We would like to discuss the possibility for such work in Rostov Region and the South Russia.


YABLOKO Decides to Help to Small Cities
By Sergei Andreyev, Komsomolskaya Pravda, June 4, 2003

After St. Petersburg another Russian city is preparing to celebrate its 300th anniversary. This is a small city, Belaya Kalitva, situated in Rostov region. The city was visited by Chairman of the YABLOKO party Grigory Yavlinsky during his trip to Rostov region, when he promised to help with the preparations of the celebrations.


YABLOKO: there will be no alliance with the CPRF
Lenta.ru, May 29, 2003

Lukin also called the billboards that appeared in Moscow streets and picture YABLOKO with a sickle and hammer under a slogan "We Are Together" a provocation and 'black PR'.


YABLOKO forwarded to the Central Electoral Commission and Public Prosecutor General of Moscow a petition demanding that it take to task the promotion company picturing YABLOKO with hammer and sickle
Finmarketnovosti, May 30, 2003

Deputy Chairman of YABLOKO Sergei Mitrokhin forwarded to the Central Electoral Commission and Public Prosecutor General of Moscow a petition demanding that it curb the 'black PR': placards that appeared in the metro picturing YABLOKO with hammer and sickle and a slogan "We Are Together!"


YABLOKO Against 'Black PR'
Komsomolskaya Pravda, May 31, 2003

The YABLOKO party: mass media should put barriers to dirty election technologies.


Vladimir Lukin: "We Are Not Inferior To Others. We Have A Distinct History"
By Nairi Hovsepyan, Novoye Vremya (New Times), May 2003

You know that revolution has a dual nature. It is not only a bloody, dramatic and romantic upheaval linked with symbolic actions, often destructive. It is also a renewal of society when each cell begins to live in a new way.


May's Poll by VTsIOM
Interfax, May 30, 2003

If the elections to the State Duma were held this Sunday, the CPRF would be ahead of United Russia: these parties would get 28% and 30% respectively.


President still most popular - poll
Interfax, May 28, 2003

A survey conducted by the All Russian Center For Public Opinion Studies of 1,600 showed that 70% (3% less than in April) of Russians approved of the president's work in May and 27% (3% more than the month before) held the opposite opinion.


Putin's Rating Falls While Unified Russia's Rises
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, May 29, 2003

The poll found that President Putin's approval rating fell to 70 percent from 73 percent last month -- reaching its lowest level since December 2000, when his rating was 68 percent. The center also found that the rating for the pro-Kremlin Unified Russia party rose from 21 percent last month to 23 percent in May.


Grigory Yavlinsky: We Should Not Tolerate This Government Any More
By Sergei Yuriyev, Komsomolskaya Pravda, May 23, 2003

On the threshold of the May bank holidays the YABLOKO party announced its decision to begin collecting signatures among deputies of the State Duma for the vote of no-confidence in the government.


Grigory Yavlinsky Called on the Residents of Perm to Watch Less TV
By Ksenia Veretennikova, Vremya Novostei, May 26, 2003

"We should not imagine anything. We should create such an economy that would survive even under a bad government."


Zyuganov and the Void, Analysis of the latest political rumors
By Leonid Sergienko, Vremya MN, May 23, 2003

Vicious dirty PR tactics allegedly made by some political consultants close to the Kremlin indicate how seriously the regime considers a possible communist alliance with some oligarchs.


By Laura Belin, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Russian Political Weekly Vol. 3, No. 20, 23 May 2003

...Nevertheless, for the first time in post-Soviet Russia, a president endorsed in such a forum the idea of appointing a government that would enjoy the support of most parliamentarians...


SPS Picks Kokh as Election Chief
By Andrei Zolotov Jr., The Moscow Times, May 6, 2003

Alfred Kokh, one of the most colorful and controversial figures in both business and politics, will undertake next Monday the daunting task of managing the parliamentary election campaign for the liberal Union of Right Forces party.


Russia's elections will not be devoid of ideological content
By Igor Bunin, General Director of the Political Consulting Center, Vremya Novostei, April 29, 2003

Yabloko's key supporters are the Russian intelligentsia, who demand honest politics and moderate-liberal ideas. The widespread revival of the state idea in today's Russia has influenced these people as well - thus, in a timely response to this trend, Yabloko has avoided transforming itself into a politically destructive organization, unlike the Liberal Russia party. Therefore, it has a good chance of securing seats in the next Duma.


Veshnyakov: Freedom of Speech in a Labyrinth
Interview with Chairman of the Central Electoral Commission Alexander Veshnyakov By Anna Feofilaktova, Moskovsky Komsomolets, April 25, 2003

Russia's journalists are in a panic: fairly soon, the sight of newspapers or televisions being shut down could become commonplace. The Central Electoral Commission (CEC), the Media Ministry and finally the courts would merely have to decide whether journalists were not objective in their coverage of a certain presidential or parliamentary candidate or were praising another candidate too much.


"Bolsheviks" Against "Mensheviks"
By Marina Ozerova, Natalya Galimova and Natalya Shpitsina, Moskovsky Komsomolets, April 22, 2003

Moskovsky Komsomolets interviewed prominent Russian parliament members about their attitude to the "principle of one-party rule": It should be noted that representatives of the parties with the best chances of winning the elections are more favourable to the idea than their colleagues from the Duma "minority".


Vladimir Lukin: "We have to summon up our strength and win, as you do in a game of preference."
By Marina Ozerova, Interview with Vladimir Lukin, Deputy Speaker of the State Duma (YABLOKO), Moskovsky Komsomolets, April 23, 2003

...I like to be in touch with the electorate that a politician should be close to and sense their mood and thoughts.


Campaign Kicks Off With Online Tricks
By Simon Saradzhyan and Larisa Naumenko, The Moscow Times, April 21, 2003

Even though the parliamentary election campaign and the mudslinging expected to accompany it have yet to gain momentum, some parties and politicians have already fallen victim to elaborate schemes designed to damage their reputation in the eyes of their Internet-connected voters.


YABLOKO, SPS and CPRF to join together to ensure fair and honest elections
KM-Novosti, April 16, 2003

The goal of the coming union is not to participate as a bloc in the forthcoming parliamentary election, but rather to monitor the voting process.


Grigory Yavlinsky: Elections can be such a hassle
RTR, "News of the Week", April 13, 2003

...Russian needs politicians to save human lives. That should be the main political goal in Russia.


Filing Cabinet for Policy Platforms Most Russian voters don't care about the policies of political parties
By Xenia Veretennikova, Vremya Novostei, April 9, 2003

For the majority of voters these platforms do not contain anything they find interesting. Voters are more attracted to a "brand", charismatic leader, or some kind of election campaign slogan. The exceptions, possibly, are only the Communist Party and Yabloko.


The YABLOKO Party to carry out its election campaign to the State Duma in a new way this year
Vremya Novostei, April 4, 2003

Deputy Head of the YABLOKO faction in the State Duma of the Russian Federation Sergei Ivanenko informed a VN correspondent that this campaign would be conducted on the streets, rather than through the media.


Information campaign against YABLOKO and Yavlinsky
Special for the YABLOKO web-site, March 28, 2003

In January-March 2003 the media conducted a campaign to defame and discredit an alternative plan for reforming the housing and communal services sector developed by YABLOKO. The television channel, Ren-TV, newspapers such as Rossiyskaya Gazeta, Tribuna, Noviye Izvestiya and 30 regional newspapers were employed in the campaign.


Grigory Yavlinsky: "The President Alone Cannot Control Everything."
Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky, Gazeta, March 25, 2003

Society needs an independent Duma. If we have an imitation Duma instead of a real Duma, and the court and elections, parties and politics are also an imitation, then we may end up with an imitation of presidential power. We should not forget about this.


Duma Eyes Election Violations
By Nabi Abdullaev, The Moscow Times, March 26, 2003

With parliamentary and presidential elections looming, the State Duma passed in the first reading Friday a raft of amendments that toughen penalties for electoral violations by individuals and the media.


Russian Parties as They Are
By Dmitry Olshansky, Prof. Director of the Centre for Strategic Analysis and Forecasts, Vremya Novostei, No. 46, March 2003

Six months ago sociologists concluded that the "undecided" proportion of respondents (the floating votes unable to make up their mind, as they don’t like any of the options) amounted to 20-25% of the total. This was only natural a year before the elections. However, six months later, the situation has changed, with the number of floating voters growing to 40% of the electorate. Who will they choose at the last possible moment? Who will they vote for? What negative element could come from this block? These are disturbing questions.


Duma to silence mass media before elections
By Marina Sokolovskaya, Natalia Rostova, gazeta.ru, March 24, 2003

The State Duma has given initial approval to a presidential draft law that makes amendments to legislation governing the activity of media outlets during election campaigns. The deputies, however, have ignored the concerns expressed by the media over the draft law.


By David White, RFE/RL Russian Political Weekly, Volume 3, Number 11, March 13, 2003
With parliamentary elections a matter of months away, it can have come as no great surprise to followers of Russian party politics when, at the end of January, moves toward closer cooperation between Yabloko and the Union of Rightist Forces (SPS) came to an end.


The State of the Parties, Positioning of the Russian political forces
By Dmitry Olshansky, Vremya Novostei, March 17, 2003
When determining the public's preferences six months ago, pollsters assumed that the proportion of the "undecided" (i.e. the floating voters who don't know whom to support, as nobody seems to be worthy of support) was around 20-25%. This was normal, with over a year before the elections. However, six months ago the situation changed: the number of floating voters has increased to some 40% of the electorate. Whom they may like and support at the very last moment is a disturbing question.


Experts predict social optimism at next federal elections.
ITAR-TASS, March 13, 2003

Russian sociology experts believe that the parliamentary and presidential elections scheduled for the end of 2003 and the first half of 2004 will be marked by high levels of social optimism, as society has adapted to changes in the country, a high-ranking expert said Thursday.


Who Is Marching Left? An interview with political analyst Anatoly Golov, YABLOKO party By Vladimir Ignatov, Trud, March 5, 2003
Which of Russia's political forces can actually be described as "really left wing"? We asked Anatoly Golov, St. Petersburg political analyst and organisational committee member of the Civic Forum of Voters, for his views.


Kremlin betrays right-wing parties in election committee vote
By Boris Sapozhnikov, gazeta.ru, February 13, 2003

On Wednesday the lower house voted to elect its representatives to the Central Election Committee. The routine procedure of electing new members led to a completely unexpected alliance between the liberal Yabloko leader Grigory Yavlinsky and the head of the ultra-nationalist LDPR Vladimir Zhirinovsky, which helped Yabloko's candidate keep her post in the CEC. The support of the pro-presidential factions also made Yabloko's victory possible, and was a slap in the face for the SPS.


Kremlin Tightening Reins Ahead of Polls
By Natalia Yefimova, Staff Writer, The Moscow Times, February 14, 2003

Worried that its most loyal party won't manage to sweep the December parliamentary elections, the Kremlin is trying to help it along by squeezing out competitors from the middle of the political spectrum.


Sergei Mitrokhin refutes allegations about YABLOKO's talks with Boris Fyodorov
Rosbalt, February 27, 2003

"Boris Fyodorov has not conducted and is not holding any talks with our party on including his candidacy in the federal list of YABLOKO at the State Duma elections," said Deputy Head of theYABLOKO party Sergei Mitrokhin to the Rosbalt correspondent on Thursday, February 27, 2003.


YABLOKO starts preparing for State Duma election
RIA Novosti, February 22, 2003

According to YABLOKO's press-service, the decision to create the headquarters was adopted at meeting of the Bureau of the Federal Council of the YABLOKO party on Saturday.


The Regional Resources of Federal Parties
By Alexander Khramchikhin, head departmental analyst of the Institute of Political and Military Analysis, Vremya MN, February 18, 2003

The size of the population and its activity at elections, the political preferences of the electorate and the strength and direction of the administrative resources -- these parameters determine the value of each of the 89 RF regions for the political parties during elections to the State Duma.


Rivalry Fragments Russia's Liberals
By Sharon LaFraniere, Washington Post Foreign Service, Washington Post, February 7, 2003

MOSCOW, Feb. 6 -- Moscow was poised last week for a major political event: a meeting between two of Russia's best-known politicians who embrace Western-style market democracy. After not speaking to each other for six months, they were supposed to discuss uniting their political parties in a bid to widen their slender niche in a parliament dominated by President Vladimir Putin.


Russia on the Threshold of Elections
By Andrei Ryabov, Profil, No. 4, January 2003

Although a considerable amount of time remains until the official start of the parliamentary election race, the parties are taking up their positions now. It is crystal clear that the Kremlin will pull the strings in the forthcoming elections.


Only four parties will make it into next State Duma according to poll
Interfax, January 30, 2003

According to a new poll, if State Duma elections were held today, the United Russia party would win 26% of votes, the Communist Party 22% and the Liberal Democratic Party of Russia and the Yabloko Party 5% each.


Yavlinsky Will Go His Own Way
By Bulat Stolyarov, Vitaly Ivanov, Vedomosti, January 27, 2003

Yabloko sponsors have failed to persuade Grigory Yavlinsky that his party and the Union of Right-Wing Forces (SPS) should combine their candidate lists for the parliamentary elections.


YABLOKO* Will Not Roll Towards the SPS
By Vladimir Ignatov, Trud, January 30, 2003

- It is difficult for the leaders of both the parties to find an acceptable coalition formula. YABLOKO's active voters remember only too well Gaidar's "shock therapy" and don't want to hear about the considered culprit Chubais.


YABLOKO Does Not Sell Itself
By Anastasia Matveyeva, Gazeta, January 29, 2003

As Gazeta have already reported before, today the idea of a coalition between the Union of Right-Wing Forces (SPS) and Yabloko can be forgotten.. Yesterday, on January 28, [Yabloko Leaders] Grigory Yavlinsky and Sergei Ivanenko forwarded to [SPS leaders] Boris Nemtsov and Irina Khakamada a letter, saying the SPS's proposals were unacceptable for Yabloko. The long-awaited meeting of the leaders of the two parties, scheduled for Wednesday, will not take place.


SPS and YABLOKO parties are too different to do Duma election deal
Ekho Moskvy, January 29, 2003

YABLOKO will not merge with the Union of Right-Wing Forces (SPS) and will not form a joint list of candidates with the party in the run-up to the December 2003 parliamentary elections, the Deputy Head of YABLOKO faction in the State Duma, Sergey Ivanenko, said on Ekho Moskvy radio.


Liberals see no future for the parties on the right
By Ksenia Solyanskaya, gazeta.ru, January 29, 2003

After evaluating the prospects of the right of centre in the impending elections, liberals from the Yabloko Party announced that their leader Grigory Yavlinsky would not attend a Wednesday meeting with Boris Nemtsov. It looks as if Yabloko politicians believe they will get enough seats in the Duma, while the party of Chubais, Nemtsov and Khakamada will get none.


No Yabloko-SPS Coalition in Polls
The Moscow Times, January 30, 2003

The country's top liberal parties, Yabloko and the Union of Right Forces, or SPS, will not run together in upcoming parliamentary elections, an SPS leader said Wednesday.


There Are Two Political Forces in Russia: the Communists and Putin
An interview with Viktor Militaryov, President of the Development Institute Foundation., Konservator No. 1,  January 17, 2003

At present, there are two political forces in Russia: the Communist Party and Putin. Moreover, people seem not to perceive any fundamental difference between the two. Most people view them as representing their interests, aimed at improving their lives as soon as possible. People hope for a better standard of living and are becoming more indifferent to oligarchs, and believe in a stronger state.


Yabloko and the SPS are of each other as Maskhadov and Putin
By Anastasiya Matveeva, Gazeta, January 24, 2003

Everybody can forget the idea of a merger between Yabloko and the Union of Right-Wing Forces (SPS). Yabloko, led by Grigory Yavlinsky, has issued a firm "no" to an offer from the SPS, delivered via some business leaders. In other words, next week's meeting between Yavlinsky and SPS leader Boris Nemtsov, dedicated to the merger issue, will probably be pointless.


Yavlinsky Receives an Offer to Compete with the President
By Andrey Savitsky, Nezavisimaya Gazeta, January 24, 2003

Talks on a merger between Yabloko and the Union of Right-Wing Forces (SPS) have reached a crescendo. We have learned the gist of some carefully- concealed proposals for a compromise merger between the SPS and Yabloko. In brief, the unification plan consists of the following. In the Duma elections the two parties would form a single bloc, with a common list of candidates.


Nemtsov Would Like to Unite with Yavlinsky
The National Information Group, January 22, 2003

The leader of the Union of Right-Wing Forces (SPS) Boris Nemtsov confirmed that he had forwarded to the leader of YABLOKO Grigory Yavlinsky his proposals on a possible union between the two parties for participation in parliamentary and presidential elections. "Our proposals were forwarded to Yavlinsky via an influential intermediary," noted Boris Nemtsov in an interview with Interfax on Wednesday.


Russia Enters the Year of Parliamentary Elections
By Marina Shakina, Versty No. 149

Russia is holding parliamentary elections in 2003. Like the Olympics they are held every four years.
The 1993 elections witnessed the collapse of Russia's Choice, the favourite at the time, and the victory of a "dark horse" - the LDPR. The authorities were shocked by the 1995 election results owing to the return of the Communist party as the leading force. The 1999 elections represented a breakthrough for the Unity party, which overshadowed the traditional success of the Communists. What will 2003 bring?


Liberals Want Chubais Off the Political Scene
By Maria Tsvetkova, gazeta.ru, December 24, 2002

The liberal Yabloko Party leader Grigory Yavlinsky, after consolidating support from his party activists at a conference held last Saturday, entered into a decisive battle Monday with the leadership of the Union of Righ-Wing Forces (SPS), long viewed by many as a potential ally of Yabloko in next year's parliamentary elections.
Yavlinsky issued an ultimatum to SPS leaders Boris Nemtsov and Irina Khakamda, saying that to form an election coalition with Yabloko they must first expel Anatoly Chubais and Sergei Kiriyenko, whose political pasts undermine the reputation of the parties on the right.


Grigory Yavlinsky has Turned Leftist
By Yuri Chernega, Kommersant, December 24, 2002

Endorsed by the Yabloko General Council last weekend, the charter is to be discussed by the Russian Democratic Assembly set up at the initiative of Grigori Yavlinsky's supporters. The charter comments sadly on the "declining confidence in democratic values and free market reforms" caused by "mistakes and sometimes crimes committed under the guise of democratic and reformist slogans by people calling themselves democrats and reformers." The charter concludes that "trust in the new alliance of democrats will be minimal if the coalition is headed by the same people who supported the war in Chechnya, carried out criminal privatization, built state financial pyramids, and initiated fiscal defaults."


Russians see Putin as political party
By Avtandil Tsuladze, December 23, 2002

The Kremlin's experiment aimed at creating a strong party system in Russia is doomed to failure. Ironically, Vladimir Putin's soaring ratings are to blame. This also means that the St. Petersburg liberals and top civil servants, who rose to power on the back of Putin's landslide election victory in 2000, will, sooner or later, have to go through the rigmarole of registering with the Justice Ministry, just like all other political parties.


Freedom or Property?
"Svobodni Kurs" (Free Course), Barnaul, December 12, 2002
Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky, by Elena Fyodorinova and Dmitri Negreev

At the request of "Svobodni Kurs" the leader of YABLOKO Grigory Yavlinsky shared with us his forecasts for the coming year.


General Elections Coming
No surprises expected?

Moscow Tribune, By Stanislav Menshikov, December 20, 2002
In less than a year Russia will have a new parliament and soon after, a newly elected president. The election marathon in this country is usually an exciting time. Recall Boris Yeltsin's first success in 1991 while Mikhail Gorbachev was still around and his narrow victory against Gennady Zyuganov in 1996 after lagging behind his rival for months. Recall Vladimir Zhirinovsky's unexpected triumph in the parliamentary elections of 1993 and the joint Communist-Agrarian victory in the Duma elections of 1995. Equally dramatic was the appearance out of nowhere of the Unity (Bear) party in 1999 which led to Putin's election as president and his eventual overwhelming control of the parliament.


Yavlinsky: Yabloko can't cooperate with Chubais and Kiriyenko
Interfax, December 23, 2002

MOSCOW. Dec 23 (Interfax) - Yabloko leader Grigory Yavlinsky has named the politicians who, in his opinion, have no role to play in the democratic coalition.


Grigory Yavlinsky, leader of YABLOKO: "As the manipulation factor is very strong, nothing can be predicted."
Konservator, By Nelli Orlova, November 29, 2002

MOSCOW, Sept. 27 - Energy executives and government officials from Russia and the United Question: What is your overall political forecast for the next year, and for the upcoming fourth Duma elections?


The Anti-Oligarch Dialogue
Konservator, By Lilia Shevtsova, Leading Researcher, the Carnegie Foundation, November 29, 2002

MOSCOW, Sept. 27 - Energy executives and government officials from Russia and the United States will meet in Houston next week to discuss energy cooperation at a time when concerns over the safety of world oil supplies have been heightened by the Bush administration's push for We are observing a curious and paradoxical situation at the moment: President Putin has opened a dialogue with Yabloko leader Grigory Yavlinsky.


Indecent Proposal.
The right-wing are once again considering a marriage of convenience

Moskovsky Komsomolets, By Alexander Minkin, October 23 2002

Another attempt by the democrats to unite has proved abortive. Or rather an attempt by their leaders. Boris Nemtsov explained this failure on TV, saying with a jeer that "the bride who is past her prime is too capricious and choosy.


Your Union Is a Pretence, Friends
Rossiiskaya Gazeta, By Vitaly Tretyakov, October 24, 2002

The talk about the prospect of uniting democratic forces in an electoral union, movement, or bloc has had a long history and has little hope for success. From time to time, the idea of such a union is revived, especially duringsessions of the Democratic conference that consists of a number of dwarfish party structures, human rights watching clubs, and first and foremost the Union of Right-Wing Forces (SPS) and Yabloko.


Russia: Centrists Propose Changing Electoral Law
Radio Liberty, By Gregory Feifer, October 18, 2002
Since Russian President Vladimir Putin came to power over two years ago, he has done much to carry out his promise of strengthening centralized power. The pro-Kremlin Unified Russia party is now proposing to further consolidate the country's political forces by changing parliamentary election rules.


Lawmakers Eye Tougher Rules for Duma Seats
The Moscow Times, by Oksana Yablokova, October 10, 2002.

A handful of young Yabloko supporters, wearing red wigs in a nod to Chubais and carrying boxes reading "Alms for reform," protesting the UES bills at the Duma on Wednesday.


Russia considers electoral change
UPI, By Anthony Louis, October 8, 2002

MOSCOW, Oct. 8 (UPI) -- Leaders of a growing pro-Kremlin political bloc have proposed changing Russia's electoral rules by dramatically raising the threshold of votes in parliamentary elections required for political parties to win seats in the Duma, Russia's lower house.


The proposal of "United Russia" to raise the threshold for access to the State Duma to 12.5% is targeted against YABLOKO and the Union of Right-Wing Forces
Rosbalt, October 7, 2002

The proposal of the "United Russia" to raise the threshold for access to the State Duma to 12.5% is targeted against YABLOKO and the Union of Right-Wing Forces. This opinion was expressed by Deputy Chairman of the YABLOKO party Sergei Ivanenko to a Rosbalt correspondent on Monday. According to Ivanenko, this proposal had been developed by the representatives of the "second echelon" of "United Russia". " First we should learn what the real heads of the party - the Administration of the President of the RF - will say to this," noted Ivanenko.


Grigory Yavlinsky: The twelve per cent barrier is preparing the grounds for a nationwide crisis.
NTV channel, "Segodnya Vecherom" programme, October 7, 12002, 10.00 p.m.
Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky


Kremlin Has a Bill on Firing Governors
The Moscow Times, by Andrei Zolotov Jr., October 8, 2002

Contrary to what some see as a friendlier phase in President Vladimir Putin's relationship with the governors, the Kremlin is cobbling together plans to strengthen its grip on the regional powers.


Speech of the First Deputy head of the YABLOKO faction of the State Duma Sergei Ivanenko during discussions of the draft law on the ban on referendums in the year of elections to the State Duma and presidential elections
The State Duma of the RF
September 18, 2002.


Pro-Kremlin party to rid Duma of liberals, Zhirinovsky
gazeta.ru, by Artyom Vernidoub , October 8, 2002

Existing economic mechanisms only achieve the very narrow goal of maintaining the present [economic] level, but fail to provide for medium-term economic growth. In terms of solutions to the main problems facing the country, the economic system has been in a state of decline and has The State Duma's most numerous and servile faction -- the pro-Kremlin Unity Party and its centrist allies -- is set to purge the house of its smaller factions, such as Yabloko, the Union of Right-Wing Forces (SPS), and Vladimir Zhirinovsky's LDPR, and in the long run form a bipartisan parliament.


Yavlisnky's Credo: Against Corruption in the Union of Right-Wing Forces and for Putin
Interview with Grigory Yavlinsky, leader of the Yabloko party
Nezavisimaya Gazeta, by Maxim Glikin, October 11, 2002

"Question: Perhaps RAO UES executives are deliberately "driving down" the company's share price, so that it will be easier to buy it up?

Yavlinsky: If they deliberately set out to devalue RAO UES by USD6 billion over two years, the executives of this state-owned company ought to be sent to... You know where. Immediately. That qualifies as misappropriation of state property."


Liberal Alternative to Putin.
Why we need a right-wing challenger to Putin in 2004
by Leonid Sedov, National Public Opinion Research Center (VTsIOM)

Nezavisimaya Gazeta, October 2, 2002

The key postulate of contemporary Russian politics is that the political stage is dominated by Vladimir Putin. Few doubt that he will win the next presidential elections. Polls indicate that 47% of voters are prepared to vote for Putin, and even more (76%) approve of his performance as President. It is hard to imagine any event that could change this situation significantly....


Deputy of the State Duma Mikhail Zadornov: Budget for 2003 is unfavourable towards regions
Rosbalt, August 30, 2002

Moscow August 30, 2002. The adoption by the State Duma of the federal budget for 2003 in the government’s version is unprofitable for Russia’s regions. This opinion was expressed by Deputy Head of the Budget Committee of the State Duma Mikhail Zadornov (YABLOKO) at his meeting with journalists on Friday, August 30, 2002.


Two Different Things
Trud, July 19, 2002

The Union of Right-Wing Forces (SPS) is prone to sudden new ideas. Petr Kutcherenko, a member of the SPS national political council and leader of the SPS youth wing, has proposed asking Boris Yeltsin to head the democratic bloc during the parliamentary elections scheduled for December 2003.


Seleznev Will Not Manage to Become  a Lebed
Nezavisimaya Gazeta, by Anatoli Kostyukov. July 19, 2002
Yesterday the Duma delegation of the YABLOKO faction handed Andrei Sharonov, RF Former friends make the worst enemies. Obviously, following this reasoning, it has been predicted that the party being launched by Duma speaker Gennady Seleznev will be a dangerous competitor for the Communist Party (CPRF).


No merger or alliance for the Union of Right-Wing Forces and Yabloko

Vek No. 22, by Andrei Ryabov. July 12, 2002

The latest round of talks about campaign cooperation between the Union of Right-Wing Forces (SPS) and Yabloko has led to much discussion about the form of this cooperation - from joint support for candidates in single-mandate districts to all the democratic parties uniting behind one presidential candidate. As in previous years, there is a marked level of scepticism about the possibility of a pre-election alliance between these parties.


Chubais and Kirienko to Oust Putin
Gazeta.ru, by Elena Rudneva. June 27, 2002.

The leader of YABLOKO, Grigory Yavlinsky, issued this statement. According to Yavlinsky, he planned to have a meeting on Monday with the President to "discuss this threat".


YABLOKO and the Union of Right-Wing Forces to Agree in Autumn
Kommersant, July 6, 2002. By Syuzanna Farizova

On July 5, a meeting of the united political council of the Union of Right-Wing Forces (SPS) and Yabloko was held in the Duma. After a debate that lasted two hours, the two democratic parties decided to run in the 2003 parliamentary election separately but coordinate their lists of candidates in single-mandate districts. The main issue forthe parties - the nomination of a single candidate in the 2004 presidential election - was not decided.


Yabloko to Team Up With SPS For Vote
By Oksana Yablokova. The Moscow Times, July 8, 2002.

Yabloko and the Union of Right Forces, the country's two main liberal parties, announced Friday that they will work out a joint political platform for backing a single "democratic" candidate in the next presidential election, in 2004.


Kremlin's Doubles
By Yelena Tregubova. Kommersant-Vlast, No. 23, June 2002.

The Speaker of the State Duma Gennay Seleznev announced last week that he intends to develop the Rossia movement into a real political party. If he succeeds, Rossia will essentially become a second communist party, a sort of carbon copy of the CPRF. Actually, this fits in with the logic of President Vladimir Putin's actions, who seems intent on running the country with the help of a system of duplicates.


YABLOKO launches election Ccampaign and augments upper echelons with defectors from the Union of Right-Wing Forces
By Anna Zakatnova, Nezavisimaya Gazeta, June 17, 2002

Representatives from 55 regional branches of the party attended the national congress. It took them three days to discuss Yabloko's official position with regard to the regime, personnel matters, and preparations for the forthcoming parliamentary elections....

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